Female Health After Menopause
Private Instructions to Lady Patients
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Late 1800’s. Courtesy of the North Carolina State Archives
Menopause is the permanent cessation of reproductive fertility for a woman. The sudden decline in estrogen from menopause can cause various health concerns to women.
The consequence health risks following the lack of estrogen are :
1) Osteoporosis – The ability of the body to build new bone cells after menopause is reduced while the body still discarding the old bone tissues. This will cause the existing bones lose their density and becoming porous and brittle.
2) Heart disease and stroke– Heart disease is the number one killer among American women above 50 years. This shown that women become more at risk of heart attacks and stroke after menopause.
3) Dry skin – Estrogen is responsible for the level of collagen and moisture content in the skin. During menopause, the reduced estrogen levels can cause skin starts to age and it becomes dry and listless. On the other hand, lack of collagen will cause wrinkles to appear especially around the eyes, lips and chin.
4) Weight gain – “Female hormone” as the name of it, we called estrogen. It gives female the curves. Generally, women shape is like an hourglass. However, this shape changes after menopause. Healthy lifestyle is important in order to maintain the shapely body.
5) Disruption in cognitive function – When ovaries stop functioning, it brings effects to the major hormones in the body, eg. Estrogen, progesterone and testosterone. It is clear to us that why menopausal women may feel excessively tired, depressed and anxious. Short-term memory loss is one of the effect too. Some of them need menopause therapy.
6) Female cancers – The increased risks of endometrial and breast cancer may occur after menopause. That is why experts advice menopausal women adopting a healthy and active lifestyle. Practicing good habits such as having low fat balanced diet, regular exercise and positive outlook can help.
7) Urinary tract changes – Urinary problems arise following menopause. Like the vaginal walls, the urethra also undergoes changes and resulted urinary problems, such as frequent urges to urinate and incontinence. The advice for menopausal women is to avoid overfilling the bladder and reduce the intake of diuretics such as coffee and tea.
8) Facial hair growth or hair loss – Some menopausal women may find coarser hair growth on their faces. Hair loss from the scalp may appears in the early stages of menopause as the body adapts to the changes caused by menopause.
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